Carenet of Carbon County

LEHIGHTON
(610) 379-0411
531 Mahoning St.
NESQUEHONING
(570) 273-5678
250 W Catawissa St.
TEXT US (610) 379-0411

Abortion Pill Info

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Whether you are experiencing an unplanned pregnancy, or have questions about your options, we are here for you.
Call us at (610) 379-0411 or make an appointment online.

What is the Morning After Pill?

Plan B is a form of “emergency contraception.” It is essentially a large dose of hormonal birth control
taken within 48 hours after unprotected sex. Plan B is a brand name; there are other brands of
emergency contraception with similar effects.

Plan B functions similarly to routine hormonal birth control. When taken prior to ovulation, the ideal
function is the repressing of ovulation together. Ovulation is the release of an egg from the ovary. If
an egg isn’t released at all, then fertilization cannot take place. Plan B’s active ingredient is
levonorgestrel, a synthetic hormone that mimics the female body’s natural progesterone. The
presence of progesterone delays ovulation.

However, only some know when they’ve ovulated, so many women end up taking Plan B after that
cycle’s ovulation. When this is the case, Plan B’s next line of defense comes into play. The
thickening of the cervical fluid will affect the movement of cilia. Cilia are tiny moving “hairs” in the
fallopian tubes that help egg and sperm move along fertilization. Sperm need thin, watery fluid to
swim through to fertilize the egg. Thickened fluid can stop the reproductive gametes from meeting.
Plan B also thins the endometrium (lining of the uterus), to prevent the embryo from implanting.

Plan B is Capable of Terminating Early Pregnancy
There are two ways Plan B is capable of terminating a pregnancy if the sperm has already fertilized
the egg. First, its chemical makeup directly affects the hormones within the female reproductive
system and can prevent enough progesterone (the “pregnancy hormone”) from sustaining the
offspring.
Second, Plan B can create an inhospitable uterine environment with the thinning of the
endometrium. Once the embryo travels to the uterus, the walls will be too thin to implant.
Plan B is not to be confused with the abortion pill (a regimen of mifepristone and misoprostol sold to
women who are up to 12 weeks pregnant).

It Increases the Risk of Ectopic Pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancy is a life-threatening situation in which a newly-conceived embryo implants
somewhere other than the uterine lining (often in a Fallopian tube).

In 2003, after observing the effects of Plan B, the United Kingdom’s Department of Health found a
6% rate of ectopic pregnancies within a group of 201 emergency contraception failures. This is
triple the current ectopic pregnancy rate in the UK and the United States, which is approximately
2%.

The regular side effects of Plan B are very similar to the symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy,
meaning the drug both increases the risk and lowers the likelihood that a mother will detect the
danger. If you think you may be experiencing symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy, see your doctor
right away.

12.5% Failure Rate
According to Plan B One-Step’s® website, about 7 out of every 8 women who took Plan B did not
get pregnant after taking the medication. Therefore, Plan B has a 12.5% failure rate.

Plan B Ingredients are Carcinogenic
The primary ingredients of Plan B are known carcinogens. Carcinogens are cancer-causing agents.
The World Health Organization (WHO) classified hormonal contraception as a Group I carcinogen in
2005. Group I is the highest possible ranking; substances in this group have the highest cancer risk
such as cigarettes.
The artificial hormones in oral contraceptives are known to increase the risk for some cancers and
decrease the risk for others. Plan B’s primary component, levonorgestrel, is associated with an
increase the risk for breast cancer up to 44%. Many physicians label levonorgestrel “hazardous.”

Side Effects Caused by Plan B
Very Common Risks
● Irregular menstrual bleeding (67%)
● Infrequent menstrual bleeding (up to 57%)
● Ovarian cyst (31.2%)
● Prolonged menstrual bleeding (22%)
● Vulvovaginitis (20.2%)
● Amenorrhea (18.4%)
● Genital discharge (up to 14.9%)
● Vaginal infections (13.6%)
● Breast tenderness (10.7%)

Common Risks (1%-10%)
● Dysmenorrhea
● Breast pain/discomfort
● Upper genital tract infection
● Genital tract bleeding
● Pelvic inflammatory disease
● Endometritis
● Dyspareunia
● Pelvic discomfort/pain
● Delay of menses more than 7 days
● Vaginal discharge
● Bleeding not related to menses

What is the Abortion Pill?

The abortion pill, also known as medical abortion, is a method used to terminate an early pregnancy. This procedure involves two drugs, taken in separate doses. The first pill blocks the blood supply and nutrients to the developing embryo. When used in conjunction with the second pill, it induces contractions, leading to the early termination of the pregnancy by expelling the embryo. This method is approved for pregnancies of 70 days or less since the first day of the last menstrual period or 10 weeks LMP.

How is it taken? 

The FDA has approved the following dosing regimen:

  • On Day One, the first pill is taken by mouth.
  • 24 to 48 hours after taking the first pill, the second medication is taken buccally (in the cheek pouch), at a location comfortable for the patient.
  • About seven to fourteen days after taking the first pill, the patient should follow-up with the healthcare provider to ensure the procedure was successful.

For their safety, the FDA has advised some women not to take the first medication, which blocks the progesterone hormone. A woman should not take this drug if it has been more than 70 days since the first day of her last menstrual period, or if she:

  • has an ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy outside of the uterus), which can be diagnosed by our free ultrasound
  • has problems with the adrenal glands (the glands near the kidneys)
  • is currently being treated with long-term steroid therapy (medications)
  • has had an allergic reaction to either of the drugs used for the abortion pill (or similar drugs)
  • has bleeding problems or is taking anticoagulant (blood thinning) drug products
  • has inherited porphyria
  • has an intrauterine device (IUD) in place (it must be removed before taking the abortion pill) 

What are the side effects of the abortion pill?

Before taking the Abortion Pill or any other medication, make sure to get information from a trusted source so that you understand how it works and the possible side effects. Some of the documented common side effects of the abortion pill include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Severe cramping
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting or diarrhea
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Fever and chills

Some more severe risks could include:

  • Seeing fetal parts expelled
  • Sustained fever
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • A possible life-threatening infection known as sepsis (severe systemic infection)
  • Failure to abort (which may require an additional surgical abortion procedure to complete the termination)
  • An undiagnosed ectopic pregnancy
  • Hemorrhaging or prolonged heavy bleeding
  • Fainting

Women who have already taken the first dose of the abortion pill and find themselves experiencing any of the more severe risks or complications above, should contact their healthcare provider for instruction.

Information is lacking about the long-term mental health effects of medical abortion, particularly, how women feel about giving themselves an abortion, and seeing fetal parts expelled.

What if I Have Second Thoughts?

Are you having second thoughts or regrets about your abortion decision? It may not be too late to change your mind. If you’ve taken the first dose of the abortion pill but have not yet taken the second pill, there is an effective process that may be able to reverse the procedure called ‘abortion pill reversal.’ This process uses the progesterone hormone, which has shown to counteract the effects of the abortion pill.

Women have successfully continued their pregnancies and given birth to healthy babies after receiving reversal progesterone treatment under a doctor’s care. Any attempts to counteract the abortion pill should not be done without the assistance of a medical professional. For more information, visit www.abortionpillreversal.com or contact Care Net of Carbon County to locate a provider near you as soon as possible.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. “Fallopian Tube | Anatomy and Function.” Encyclopedia
Britannica, 16 Mar. 2024, www.britannica.com/science/fallopian-tube.

“Emergency Contraception.” Planned Parenthood, www.plannedparenthood.org/planned-
parenthood-hudson-peconic/patient-resources/emergency-
contraception#:~:text=The%20hormone%20in%20the%20morning%2Dafter%20pill%20also%20p
revents%20pregnancy,from%20attaching%20to%20the%20uteru.

Holland, Kimberly. “Is It Safe to Take Plan B While on the Pill?” Healthline, 30 Mar. 2019,
www.healthline.com/health/birth-control/plan-b-while-on-the-pill#plan-b.

Sharkey, Lauren. “Plan B Doesn’t Work During Ovulation — Here Are Your Options.” Healthline,
10 Feb. 2023, www.healthline.com/health/healthy-sex/does-plan-b-work-during-ovulation#signs-
of-ovulation.

“Plan B (Levonorgestrel Emergency Contraception, Morning After Pill): Side Effects, Uses,
Dosage, Interactions, Warnings.” RxList, 31 May 2022, www.rxlist.com/plan-b-
drug.htm#overview.

Staff, Nr. “Yes, Plan B Can Kill Embryos.” National Review, 29 July 2020,
www.nationalreview.com/2014/10/yes-plan-b-can-kill-embryos-donna-harrison.

Durand, Marjorie, et al. “On The Mechanisms of Action of Short-term Levonorgestrel
Administration in Emergency Contraception.” Contraception (Stoneham), vol. 64, no. 4, Oct.
2001, pp. 227–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0010-7824(01)00250-5.

Marions, Lena, et al. “Effect of Emergency Contraception With Levonorgestrel or Mifepristone on
Ovarian Function.” Contraception (Stoneham), vol. 69, no. 5, May 2004, pp. 373–77.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2003.11.018.

Noé, Gabriela, et al. “Contraceptive Efficacy of Emergency Contraception With Levonorgestrel
Given Before or After Ovulation.” Contraception (Stoneham), vol. 81, no. 5, May 2010, pp.
414–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2009.12.015.

Levonorgestrel (Oral Route). 3 Apr. 2024, www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/levonorgestrel-
oral-route/precautions/drg-20074413.

UK Government Web Archive.
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ndStatistics/LettersAndCirculars/CMOUpdate/CMOUpdateArticle/fs/en?CONTENT_ID=4003844&
chk=2uZJEX.

“Ectopic Pregnancy.” AAFP, 15 Feb. 2000, www.aafp.org/pubs/afp/issues/2000/0215/p1080.html.

Sreenivas, Shishira. “Ectopic Pregnancy: What to Know.” WebMD, 6 June 2004,
www.webmd.com/baby/pregnancy-ectopic-pregnancy.

“Known and Probable Human Carcinogens.” American Cancer Society,
www.cancer.org/cancer/risk-prevention/understanding-cancer-risk/known-and-probable-human-
carcinogens.html.

Conz, Lívia, et al. “Levonorgestrel‐releasing Intrauterine System and Breast Cancer Risk: A
Systematic Review and Meta‐analysis.” Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 99,
no. 8, Feb. 2020, pp. 970–82. https://doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13817.

Borreli, Lizette. “Repeated Use of Morning-After Pill: Plan B Effects on Breast Cancer, Fertility.”
Medical Daily, 30 Sept. 2016, www.medicaldaily.com/repeated-use-morning-after-pill-plan-b-
effects-breast-cancer-fertility-399556.

“Plan B One-Step Side Effects: Common, Severe, Long Term.” Drugs.com,
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effects.html#:~:text=The%20most%20commonly%20reported%20adverse,%2C%20breast%20te
nderness%2C%20and%20vulvovaginitis.

“Pelvic Inflammatory Disease – What You Need to Know.” Drugs.com, www.drugs.com/cg/pelvic-
inflammatory-disease.html.

“Endometritis – What You Need to Know.” Drugs.com, www.drugs.com/cg/endometritis.html.

Feeling Pressured?

You are the only one who can choose an option for your unplanned pregnancy. You should not allow anyone to force you into a decision. Our staff wants to support you as you explore your options.  If you’re feeling pressured, visit Care Net of Carbon County first.

abortion pill

What If I Have Second Thoughts?

You are the only one who can choose an option for your unplanned pregnancy. You should not allow anyone to force you into a decision. Our staff wants to support you as you explore your options.  If you’re feeling pressured, visit Carenet of Carbon County first.